Barcelona Districts: Sightseeing
Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, is a mediterranean and cosmopolitan city that incorporates in its urban layout Roman remains, Medieval quarters and the most beautiful examples of modernism and 20th century avant-garde art. Not for nothing were the emblematic buildings of Catalonian architects Antoni Gaudí and Luis Doménech i Montaner declared to be World Heritage Sites by UNESCO .
Of Roman origin, Barcelona's long History and economic dynamism have provided it with an impressive cultural heritage, present in the conservation of its rich historic and artistic patrimony, and in the encouragement of the newest artistic trends. Its vast cultural agenda will lead the visitor through museums, exhibitions, outdoor sculptures... and an extensive calendar of music, theatre, and dance."
Palacio GuellGaudí was commissioned with the work of constructing the palace on a site measuring 18 x 12 metres with a dome, stained glass windows and stairs that create an optical illusion making the palace seem larger than it is. Must see: Basement, doors, central hall, and terrace.
The building was constructed on top of some basements with mushroom-shaped columns with pyramid trunks. The entrance doors are iron work with coiled sculptured snakes that represent movement. The big central hall has a parabolic cupola. The beautiful terrace is a true outdoor museum.
Address: Nou de la Rambla 3
Parque Guell & Casa Museo GaudiThe Casa-Museu Gaudí, placed into the Parc Güell, was one of the three buildings builded as an incentive for new settlements. This house was designed by Francesc Berenguer, one of Gaudí help-architechts in la Sagrada Família. The house was finished in 1905 and in 1906 was occupied by Gaudí where he lived until a few months before his death. In December 1926 by testamentary order the house was sold and the resultant money was invested in the building of la Sagrada Família.
Address: Ctra. Carmel s/n
Catedral de BarcelonaSituated on the site of a Paleochristian basilica. Construction began during the Romanesque period but was finally completed during the Gothic period, which is the dominant style.
Gothic reredos and paintings, the monstrance, choir stalls, vault keystones, stained glass windows, and the crypt and tomb of Santa Eulalia. Monument Characteristics Type of monument: Cathedral. Period: 15th Century Artistic style: Gothic. The outside of the building is sombre, decorated only with the vertical buttresses. The door of San Ivo is representative of the so-called Catalan Gothic. The interior naves are at nearly the same height, which causes the impression of being in a single site. The lateral chapels have an upper gallery, providing the premises with greater light and openness. The dome base is covered on the inside with handcrafted woodwork. The main façade was built recently (late 19th century, early 20th century), although based on a project from 1408. The door from the cloister to the cathedral and the chapel of Santa Lucía are of great interest. Environment: Gothic quarter, San Jaume Square with the City Hall and the Palau de la Generalitat
Address: Plaza de la Seu 3
Tel: +34 933151554
Opening Hours: Open:From 9:00 to 13:30 and from 16:00 to 19:00."
Palau de la Musica CatalanaIt was inaugurated in 1908, after three years of building work orchestrated by the famous architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. It is one of the world's major concert halls and an excellent example of Catalonian Modernism. The interior is decorated with ceramic mosaics and polychrome glass with floral motifs. In 1997 it was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
Address: Sant Francesc de Paula 2
Tel: +34/932.957.200web: www.palaumusica.org
La Sagrada Famila de BarcelonaIn 1883 the brilliant Gaudí agreed to direct this work, succeeding Francisco de Paula. The artist worked on it until his death.
Must see: The door of El Nacimiento, the main front of La Pasión and, in general, the exterior of the building.
Work to complete this grand church continues still today. The first architect to work on this project planned a Neogothic building. However, following his death, Gaudí took over, respecting the original layout of the work, but soon leaving the mark of his personality and way of doing things. He finished only the chapel of San José, the crypt and the door of El Nacimiento. The work is currently being completed by Subirats. The façades and the entire exterior show extensive decorative elements in bright colours. The main front of La Pasión has a cryptogram.
Address: Provenza 450
web: www.sagradafamilia.org "
El Port Vell - Maremagnum
Iglesia de Santa María del MarIt is an example of Catalonian Gothic. Its interior boasts an amazingly high central nave. Must see:
The enormous rose window with polychromatic glass is interesting (15th century).
Monument Characteristics Type of monument: Church. Period: 14th Century Artistic style: Gothic. It is one of the best examples of 14th century Catalonian Gothic architecture. It is the work of the architect Berenguer de Montagut and was the temple of the shipowners and merchants in Gothic Barcelona. Seen from the outside, its appearance is solid and robust, dominated by straight lines. The inside consists of three naves, an ambulatory and is without a transept. The amazing height of the central nave with its majestic octagonal columns stands out. From the 4th to the 6th century there used to be a Roman necropolis, which was discovered during the excavations in the sixties, in the place where the church stands today. Environment: Mercat del Born.
Address: Plaza de Santa María 1
Tel: +34 933102390